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Loya Jirga to open for creating parliamentary system

(Last Updated On: July 22, 2015)

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Deputy spokesman of the Executive Office said that after the end of reforms in electoral system and district council election, Loya Jirga will be held to change the presidential system to parliamentary system.

Jawid Faisal, Deputy Spokesman of the Executive Office emphasized that holding Loya Jirga is a serious need for modifying the constitution.

According to National Unity Government (NUG) President must hold Loya Jirga to modify the constitution and set the post of Prime Minister up to the next 13 months.

The Presidential Citadel is said to consider commenting on the issue not necessary at the moment.

“Most of political elite have called for a parliamentary system. Ambiguous laws should be adjusted in this Loya Jirga,” Ismael Qasemyar, member of Loya Jirga on approving the constitution said.

A Loya Jirga “grand assembly” is a special type of Jirga that is mainly organized to approve a new constitution, declare war, choose a new king, or to make sweeping social or political reforms.

In Afghanistan, Loya Jirgas have been reportedly organized since at least the early 18th century when the Hotaki and Durranidynasties rose to power.

According to the Afghan Constitution, a Loya Jirga is considered the “highest expression” of the Afghan people.

But it is not an official decision-making body. Its decisions are not legally binding and any verdict it hands out must be approved by the two houses of the Afghan parliament and the president in order for it to be made official.

Unofficially, however, the Loya Jirga’s decision is seen as final, with the president and parliament expected to respect the ruling.

The last Loya Jirga to be held was in 2012, when the gathering voted in support of a Strategic Partnership Agreement with the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

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