The Ministry of Public Health celebrated the international day of fighting jaundice on Sunday.
The deputy minister of public health expressed deep concern over the unprecedented increase of the jaundice disease in the country and called it alarming.
More than 150,000 Afghans are suffering from the black jaundice in the country.
Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and of the white of the eyes caused by elevated levels of the chemical bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia).
The term jaundice is derived from the French word jaune, which means yellow. Jaundice is not a disease per se, but rather a visible sign of an underlying disease process.
“If we do not have a good solution for fighting this disease, it would be difficult to face and eradicated. Last year, nearly 36,000 people were affected to this disease but unfortunately the figure had a sharp rise this year,” said Feda Muhammad Paikan, deputy minister of health.
The jaundice condition generally poses little threat to health, beyond its characteristic yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.
But when bilirubin levels in the blood spike high enough, the toxic byproduct can move out of the blood and into brain tissue. This opens the door to kernicterus — and, in turn, brain damage.