Speakers at a gathering have declared that Dr. Najibullah has seek a regional peace process.
“The killing of Dr Najib was a black chapter of the history, as he worked for the rights and unity of Pakhtuns throughout his life. For this he would be remembered for ever,” one of the speaker said.
A number of parliament representatives who also presented at the gathering noted that Afghanistan is once again in a crucial historical step and some circles are attempting to create crisis by fueling ethnic, regional and linguistic issues.
Mohammad Najibullah, born 1947, in Gardiz province of Afghanistan, died September 27, 1996 in Kabul.
Dr. Najibullah began studying medicine at Kabul University in 1964 and received his degree in 1975, but he never practiced medicine.
He joined the Banner (“Parcham”) faction of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) in 1965, and he was twice imprisoned for political activities.
In 1978 the PDPA staged a successful coup, but the People’s (“Khalq”) faction soon gained supremacy over the Banner faction.
Dr. Najib was named ambassador to Iran in 1978 but was fired within months after being accused of plotting to overthrow the regime of Hafizullah Amin.
He went into exile in eastern Europe until the U.S.S.R. intervened in 1979 and supported a Parcham-dominated government.
Najibullah was made head of the secret police and became known for his brutality and ruthlessness. His methods proved invaluable to the regime in view of escalating guerrilla warfare of the Muslim mujahideen, but as the war grew in intensity, the Soviet Union withdrew.
Dr. Najib, who replaced Babrak Karmal as president in 1986, attempted to gain support by relaxing Karmal’s strict control, but he was widely despised and was finally forced from office by the mujahideen rebels and mutinous groups within his own military in 1992
He took refuge in a United Nations compound, where he was sheltered for the next four years. Factional fighting continued, and when the Taliban militia took over the capital, Kabul, in 1996, they summarily executed Najibullah.